Diagram of the female body (2023)

Female anatomy refers to the internal and external structures of the reproductive and urinary systems. The reproductive anatomy aids in sexual pleasure and achievespregnantand breastfeed a baby. The urinary system helps eliminate toxins from the body through urination (pining).

The female reproductive system

Some people are born with internal or external structures that are ambiguous or characteristic of male and female anatomy. The following female anatomy diagram is a reference based on a typical site.

The word "woman" is used herein to refer to individuals who identify as female and have the reproductive organs typical of a cis woman. We recognize that some people who identify as female do not have the same anatomy shown in this article.

Diagram of the Female Anatomy - Quick Guide

Diagram of the female body (1)

female genital anatomy

The female genitalia are made up of organs that are both inside and outside the body. This section describes the internal and external structures.

The external female anatomy

This photo contains content that some people may find explicit or disturbing.

Diagram of the female body (2)

HimVulvaIt consists of the external structures outside the vaginal opening, including:

  • my pubic bone: The mons pubis is the rounded, fleshy area in front of the pelvic bone (lower abdomen) where pubic hair normally grows.
  • big lips: The labia majora are the outer fleshy folds of protective skin that lie on either side of the vaginal opening. They cover and protect the other, more sensitive, external genitalia, described below.

Labia: The Latin word for lips

"Labia" is Latin for lips, and the labia majora are often referred to as the outer lips.

  • Labia: The labia minora are folds of skin that lie just inside the labia majora. In some women, the labia minora extend beyond the labia majora.
  • Clitoris: HimClitorissits on the vulva, over the opening of the urethra. A fold of skin called the clitoral hood covers most of the clitoris, leaving only the tip or dome visible. The rest of the clitoris is a spongy shaft that protrudes several inches into the body.
  • opening of the urethra: HimurethraIt is the tube that carries urine from the bladder to the outside of the body. Its opening is below the clitoris, just above the vaginal opening.
  • the vaginal opening: The vaginal opening is located between the urethra and the anus.
  • Bartholin glands:BartolinoThe glands are located on either side inside the vaginal opening. They release part of the secretions that lubricate the vagina to increase comfort during intercourse.
  • Drüsen scene: HimDrüsen sceneThey are located on both sides of the urethra and lubricate the urethral opening. Skene's glands are sometimes referred to as the female prostate. While scientists debate whether there is female ejaculation, some believe these glands are its source during sexual arousal.

Functions of the vaginal opening

It is the opening where:

  • Menstrual blood leaves the body.
  • A baby leaves the body during vaginal delivery.
  • Sexual intercourse is for procreation and/or pleasure

The internal female anatomy

Diagram of the female body (3)

The internal female genitalia include the structures within the vaginal opening. These include:

  • Vagina: HimVaginaIt is a muscular canal that connects the cervix and uterus and leads to the outside of the body. Parts of the vagina are rich in collagen and elastin, which allows it to expand during sexual stimulation and childbirth.
  • cervix: HimcervixIt is the lower part of the uterus that separates the lower part of the uterus and the vagina and may play a role in lubrication. During labor, it expands to allow the baby to pass out of the womb, into the vagina, and out of the body.

Cervix: Pleasure or Pain?

Although direct contact with the cervix is ​​rare during intercourse, some women claim it helps with sexual pleasure. Others say it causes discomfort.

  • uterus: HimuterusIt is located in the lower part of the pelvis (belly area between the hips), through the vagina just behind the cervix. Often referred to as the uterus, this is where the baby lives during pregnancy. Interestingly, it has three layers of muscle and is one of the strongest muscles in the body.
  • ovaries: HimovariesThey are small organs located on either side of the pelvis. They play a crucial role in the production of female hormones and produce eggs during ovulation.
  • fallopian tubes: The fallopian tubes connect the ovaries to the uterus on each side. Ciliary hairs, hair-like structures, steer the egg cell in the right direction from the ovary to the uterus.
  • Hymen: HimHymenIt is a thin tissue that lies at the vaginal opening and has no known biological function. It becomes more elastic with age and will tear or break at some point in a woman's life. Although sexual activity is one way to break the hymen, a broken hymen is not evidence of sexual activity.

Anatomy of the female breast

Diagram of the female body (4)

The chest contains several structures, including:

  • adipose tissue: Each breast containsfettor adipose tissue, which is used to store excess energy.
  • The patch: In adipose tissue there are 15 to 20 sections called lobules that connect to ducts that can produce milk.
  • milk ducts: The milk ducts lead to the areola and nipple, which are the outer part of the breast.
  • Areola and nipples: The areola is the darker area on the outside of the breast surrounding the center nipple.

Function of female body parts

hormonal changes

Estrogen uProgesteroneare the main female hormones produced by the reproductive system. Hormone production increases during puberty to stimulate ovulation, giving a woman the opportunity to father a child. Female hormones also promote vaginal lubrication and increase sexual desire.


The female anatomy is designed for both intimacy and conception of a baby. Structures such as the vulva, vagina, and breasts are sensitive to touch, which stimulates arousal. The clitoris contains sensitive nerve endings and its sole purpose is sexual pleasure.

Get pregnant

Sexual intimacy leading to intercourse is often the first step in getting pregnant. However, some do so throughin-vitro-Fertilisation(IVF) or intrauterine insemination (IUI).

conception and pregnancy

DuringOvulation, an ovary releases an egg that travels through the fallopian tubes to the uterus. During penile-vaginal intercourse, semen is released into the vagina. The sperm from the seminal fluid swims to the egg to join it in the uterus or fallopian tubes.

conception, or fertilization, occurs when the sperm and egg unite, creating a zygote that develops into an embryo. Fertilization can occur hours or days after intercourse.

If the egg is not fertilized and the woman does not become pregnant, the lining of the uterus is shed, causing a menstrual cycle, or menstruation. Most women have a cycle every 28 to 31 days. However, it depends on when you ovulate.


Female anatomy is complex and its structures have many functions including urination, sexual arousal and conceiving a baby.

The vulva, the external structures outside the vaginal opening, includes:

  • my pubic bone
  • Lips
  • Clitoris
  • urethra
  • vaginal opening
  • Bartholin glands
  • Drüsen scene

The internal female anatomy includes the following:

  • Vagina
  • cervix
  • uterus
  • ovaries
  • fallopian tubes
  • Hymen

The breasts are part of the female anatomy and play a unique role in sexual stimulation and baby feeding.

A word from Verywell

The female anatomy can seem very complex. Understanding this helps people with this anatomy prepare for changes during puberty, adulthood, pregnancy, and menopause (when a woman has no menstrual cycles for 12 straight months).

It's important to note that some babies are born with ambiguous structures, meaning they don't resemble typical female or male anatomy. Others are born with internal or external organs or genitalia that are both male and female.

If there is no significant impact on the person, they can remain their unique and perfect self. If it is affecting a person's daily living, mental, emotional, or sexual health, your healthcare team can provide treatment recommendations.

Frequently Asked Questions

  • Where does urine get into the female genitals?

    Urine collects in the bladder, passes through the urethra, and exits the body through the opening of the urethra.

  • How does the female anatomy change during pregnancy?

    Females no longer ovulate or have their menstrual cycle during this timethe pregnancy. Sometimes there is a small amount of bleeding that can be mistaken for menstruation. The uterus expands and the cervix thickens. Many notice changes in their breasts, such as B. tenderness, fullness or heaviness. The areola and nipples may also change and darken.

  • Where is a woman's G-spot?

    There is much speculation as to whether a woman's erotic G-spot is a real structure or a sensitive area in the vagina. In most cases, to find it, you or your partner can insert a finger, palm up, a few inches into your vagina. Move your finger in a "come here" motion to see if that cheers you up.

    Learn more:What is Jets?

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Verywell Health uses only quality sources, including peer-reviewed studies, to back up the facts in our articles. read ourspublishing processto learn more about how we fact-check our content and keep it accurate, reliable, and dependable.

  1. Advanced Gynecology.Female Anatomy 101: A Short and Simple Guide to Your Organs. Updated December 7, 2020.

  2. Biology online.Lips.

  3. Lee M., Dalpiaz A., Schwamb R., Miao Y., Waltzer W., Khan A.Clinical pathology of Bartholin's glands: literature review.Curr Urol. 2015;8(1):22-25. doi:10.1159/000365683

  4. Rodriguez F., Camacho A., Edges S., Gardner B., Levin R., Tubbs R.Female Ejaculation: An Anatomy, History, and Controversy Update. clinical anatomy. 2020;34(1):103-107. doi:10.1002/ca.23654

  5. Associated Medical Schools of New York.Drüsen scene.

  6. R. Mishori, H. Ferdowsian, K. Naimer, M. Volpellier, T. McHale.The Little Handkerchief That Couldn't: Dispelling Myths About the Role of the Hymen in Determining Sexual History and Aggression. reproductive health. 2019;16(1). doi:10.1186/s12978-019-0731-8

  7. Medicine Johns Hopkins.Anatomy and Mother.

  8. Kothari C., Diorio C., Durocher F.The importance of breast adipose tissue in breast cancer.Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2020;21(16):5760. doi:10.3390/ijms21165760

  9. Puppo V, Grünwald I.Is there a G spot? An overview of the current literature.. Int Urogynecol J. 2012 dez;23(12):1665-9. doi: 10.1007/s00192-012-1831-y.

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Diagram of the female body (5)

ForBrandi Jones, MSN-ED RN-BC
Brandi is a Registered Nurse and the owner of Brandi Jones LLC. She specializes in health and wellness writing, including blogging, articles and education.

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